A description of web site hosting
As its name indicates, web hosting is a solution, which entails hosting online content. There are various varieties and kinds of hosting, depending on the mission and on the objectives. Yet, they all entail hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available throughout the Web. A web host is in fact a hosting server that is linked to the World Wide Web and has its own IP address, which enables users to access it via the Internet. The web server's architecture and its system resources are subject to the kind of hosting solution it's going to be used for.
What are the different forms of web hosting?
Depending on the usage, the business hosting solution may be:
File Hosting - this type of web hosting enables the clients to stash their files on a given hosting server. With the typical file hosting service, the files that are stashed may only be accessed by the client that's availing of the service. This web hosting solution traditionally appertains to backups of PCs , documents, private files and even other servers. This solution may also contain certain restrictions when it comes to the data storage space and the root access. There may also be traffic limits, but that depends on the particular hosting provider.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez hosting solution is resembling the previous hosting service type. In spite of that, in contrast with the file storage web hosting service, the warez hosting solution is utilized for distributing patented materials without being given the go-ahead by the license possessor. To put it briefly - it involves the prohibited circulation of files and materials. There are numerous methods for this to be accomplished, but the two main methods are - through simple HTTP downloading and via P2P connections. The first way involves either some web page, or, most often, simply a directory on a web hosting server that's been made available for everybody to access it and thus download licensed files free of cost. The second method entails a P2P connection, availing of the so-called Torrent web servers, via which users exchange files between each other. There are not many web space hosting providers that permit that type of web hosting on their web servers, chiefly because of all the judicial complications that it presupposes. Typically such web portals are hosted on personal dedicated web servers that are registered by 3rd party enterprises either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Email Hosting - this service is utilized with both shared webspace hosting and dedicated web hosting servers, depending on the user's desire. If you wish to have your very own private SMTP e-mail server, then you will require either a VPS web server or a dedicated server that offers the level of access needed to execute such an operation. For ordinary email hosting purposes, however, you can set up a standard shared web site hosting account, to which you can point the mail exchanger records of your domain. This is not a service that's widely famous, because the web site hosting and the email hosting services are being served by 2 separate servers, usually owned by different hosting providers.
Site Hosting - the most widespread and largely used hosting service as of now. It's used for hosting web site files, whose type is determined by the Operating System the web server is availing of - Linux or Windows. Different kinds of files request concrete web hosting server Operating Systems, or else they won't be shown correctly on the Web. This sort of web hosting may involve disk storage space and web traffic limits, server root access and central processing unit usage restrictions.
Depending on the purpose and on the functions, the user should choose the kind of hosting server that he requires for his project, and, of course, the website hosting vendor that's going to supply it. There are various kinds of hosting servers, based on the specs and the webspace hosting solutions that they offer. These are:
Shared Hosting Server - a shared web hosting server provides a smaller quantity of resources, which, of course, reflects on the cost of the service. It can be used for hosting small size and medium online portals, which do not require vast quotas of server space and bandwidth.
Semi-Dedicated Servers - they work on the very same principle as the shared web space hosting servers. Nevertheless, there are much fewer clients sharing the same server. For that reason, each of them will obtain a bigger share of the hosting server's resources like RAM, web space, traffic and CPU. Ideal for hosting bulky web portals that do not need root privileges.
Virtual Private Server - the VPS hosting servers are perfect for middle scale websites, which do demand root-level access to the web server's configuration files. Normally, there are a handful of virtual web server hosting accounts placed on the same machine. Even so, each of them is autonomous from the others and runs its own Operating System.
Dedicated Server Hosting - a fully dedicated physical server set up and accessed by you and only you. It guarantees a vast amount of resources. It also includes complete server root access, which renders it a perfect platform for any sort of site that necessitates a webspace hosting service.
The only question that remains is:
Which website hosting firm should I select?
As mentioned above, there aren't many hosting providers offering warez web hosting solutions because of legal predicaments. Such web hosting providers are being shut down practically every month. For that reason, if you desire to start such a service, you should do it on your very own personal computer. The shared hosting solution is the most famous type of web hosting service. That is why, each and every website hosting provider offers it. Not all of them, though, provide services such as Virtual Private Servers, semi-dedicated web servers and dedicated hosting servers. Most of the smaller web space hosting companies do not have the resources demanded for maintaining those solutions. Because of that it's always best to go with a bigger hosting company that can provide its customers with all the solutions that they are searching for. You can easily recognize such hosting companies by the sorts of services that they are offering and by the way that they present them to the clientele. For instance, some companies allow you to kick off with a small scale web space hosting package and subsequently shift to a more powerful one, if you find it mandatory to do so. This is quite convenient, because you do not have to move web pages between servers and there is no danger of suffering service disturbances due to all the predicaments that may show up. Web hosting companies such as Free Hostia are offering all sorts of services and possess the necessary web server resources and personnel to ensure that their clients will not come across any predicaments when changing services, which is what a top hosting provider is in fact all about.